2023 Career Advice for Aspiring Quality Assurance Engineers

One of the key contributors to producing top-notch software solutions is a skilled Quality Assurance (QA) Engineer. They are entrusted with examining the software system for potential problems and counteracting potential bugs and security risks to ensure the software’s excellence.

While software engineers concentrate on creating fresh programs, QA engineers are dedicated to verifying whether the existing software solutions meet the requisite standards.

For those interested in a job that necessitates only rudimentary programming abilities, a position as a Quality Assurance (QA) Engineer is frequently sought after. If you are thinking about a career in QA Engineering, please read to the end of this article to discover some beneficial tips on how to become a QA Engineer by 2023.

In simple terms, what is Quality Assurance (QA)?

Quality Assurance (QA) is a systematic process of evaluating if a product meets predetermined quality standards.

The development of the ISO 9000 international standard is under the jurisdiction of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). If you see a product that displays an ISO code, it indicates that it has passed certain quality standards testing and certification.

Adhering to these standards necessitates the implementation of exacting quality control measures, to ensure conformity to the criteria. Contemporary enterprises rely on quality assurance norms, as they assist with creating brand recognition and fostering customer trust.

By utilising QA methodologies, companies can identify aspects that require improvements and thereby improve the quality of the product, leading to greater competitiveness.

Could you elaborate on the responsibilities of a QA Engineer?

A Quality Assurance (QA) Engineer‘s primary duty is to ensure that software meets the requisite standards and performs as anticipated. To achieve this objective, they devise and execute fresh procedures to detect and eliminate any prospective issues.

To remain competitive and garner clients, IT organisations need to have a dedicated Quality Assurance (QA) engineering staff that can assess the effectiveness of software solutions and manufacturing procedures.

The Responsibilities of a QA Engineer Described

The task of evaluating and testing software components such as codes to ensure they meet quality standards falls under the purview of a Quality Assurance (QA) Engineer. Quality Assurance (QA) techniques are prepared and devised in accordance with the anticipated development phases of the software development team.

QA Engineers typically divide the QA processes into separate phases that include checkpoints, allowing for comprehensive scrutiny of software codes as well as its associated functions – such as networking and data processing. This aids in pinpointing shortcomings and working together with software developers to rectify them.

The responsibility of identifying intricate system defects does not lie solely with software developers but is also shared with QA engineers who are supported by a team consisting of a test automation engineer, QA testers, QA managers and a QA consultant.

The Roles and Responsibilities of Quality Assurance Engineers

The realm of Quality Assurance Engineering includes a diverse assortment of positions, each requiring a unique set of duties. However, various occupations with similar responsibilities may be referred to by different titles within organisations. For example, a Quality Assurance (QA) Engineer may also be denoted as a Quality Assurance (QA) Software Tester, and these QA roles are classified based on competencies and years of expertise.

1. Role of a QA Analyst

For Quality Assurance Analysts, manual testing is a crucial aspect of their role, requiring them to simulate real-world scenarios to evaluate the user interface and performance of the software, and detect any bugs or delays. Subsequently, they create a report aimed at enhancing the software’s responsiveness.

Besides, they may also test the front-end, which is crucial for achieving user satisfaction, as well as APIs, backend data, and management systems.

2. Role of an Automation Engineer II for Testing

The Test Automation Engineer uses scripts, frameworks and programs to automate the testing process and ensure that identified issues have been resolved. They create the test environment to minimize any manual intervention and achieve this by applying standard coding processes, which vary from those used by Quality Assurance Analysts.

With testing rules in mind, these environments are constructed efficiently to facilitate quality checks.

Role of the Quality Assurance Team Leader

The role of the QA Lead encompasses overseeing the testing process for a project, devising and implementing QA protocols and procedures to guarantee quality, prioritising and arranging QA tasks according to deadlines, and establishing milestones throughout the development cycle to ensure timely completion.

Their responsibilities include generating a report on the current status, monitoring the testing equipment to ensure proper functioning, and documenting and analysing the test data obtained.

Comparison between the Roles of the Quality Assurance Engineer and Quality Assurance Tester

While non-technical individuals and even some IT professionals may struggle to differentiate between the two roles, the distinction is relatively straightforward. Quality Assurance Engineers concentrate primarily on implementing techniques, whereas Quality Assurance Testers are primarily focused on testing (both manual and automated) to detect issues and compile reports.

A Quality Assurance (QA) Tester performs codebase tests, scrutinizing code modules to locate system flaws. Conversely, QA Engineers study techniques to enhance Quality Assurance processes and enhance product efficiency, ultimately leading to higher customer satisfaction.

This indicates that QA Engineers are responsible for devising strategies, while QA Testers are responsible for implementing these strategies in live projects to identify issues or bugs.

Responsibilities of a Quality Assurance Engineer

Those new to the field of QA Engineering may find it beneficial to familiarize themselves with the expectations set forth in the job description. This will provide them with a better understanding of the skills and experience required for the role, and help them prepare accordingly. Reading the job description can provide job seekers with an understanding of what an organization looks for in potential employees.

Responsibilities of a Quality Assurance Engineer

  1. Conduct extensive assessments to identify issues within a program.
  2. Review the issues and develop viable solutions to remedy them.
  3. Enhance customer satisfaction by conducting a comprehensive evaluation of product quality and implementing any required improvements.
  4. Plan, execute, and oversee QA procedures when necessary.
  5. Document the test results for the software development team.
  6. Work in conjunction with programmers to resolve complex software bugs.
  7. Evaluate existing quality assurance methods and suggest proposals for improvement.
  8. Analyze the products offered by other companies to identify areas in which improvements can be made.
  9. Collect data on product performance metrics and testing outcomes to present reports for review by senior management.

Skills, Qualifications, and Criteria

  1. A four-year degree in computer science, information technology, or a closely related field
  2. Experience and proficiency in software development and testing.
  3. Thorough knowledge of computer operating systems.
  4. Excellent problem-solving and troubleshooting skills.
  5. Proficiency in major programming languages such as Java, Python, and C++.
  6. Extensive understanding of SQL databases and proficiency in the Agile/Scrum development methodology.
  7. Thorough knowledge of QA procedures and the tools required to implement them.
  8. Capability to document test scripts and cases in a clear and comprehensive manner.
  9. Hands-on experience with automated testing tools and frameworks such as Selenium and Katalon Studio.
  10. Excellent teamwork skills and effective communication abilities.

Initiating Your Career as a Quality Assurance Engineer

Many people believe that a degree in computer science is the sole prerequisite for pursuing a career in Quality Assurance Engineering. However, simply possessing a degree isn’t sufficient for a thriving career in this field.

You may need to be well-versed in programming languages, frameworks, tools, and technologies, as well as possess a comprehensive knowledge of Quality Assurance Engineering basics, to be successful in the field.

Nevertheless, we have summarised the following steps to help you begin.


Possessing a computer science background can be beneficial since it provides a holistic understanding of computer systems and software applications. This knowledge may lead you to pursue careers, such as a Quality Assurance Engineer.

If you wish to work as a Quality Assurance Engineer despite lacking a background in Computer Science, it’s crucial to acquaint yourself with subjects such as Networking, Database Administration, Programming Language Principles, and more.

Get Acquainted with Computer Languages and Attain Programming Experience

To gain a comprehensive comprehension of software development and how code can achieve specific objectives, it’s advantageous to have a firm grasp on a programming language like Python, Java, C++, and others. As a Quality Assurance (QA) Engineer, your primary responsibility is to recognise and correct flaws in a system, which can only be accomplished by possessing a strong command of programming languages.

If you desire to benefit from online instruction and classes, YouTube and other e-learning platforms can be excellent alternatives.

Consistent coding practice is crucial to develop and retain proficiency in computer programming. Utilising competitive programming websites like Leetcode, can be advantageous in dealing with challenging assignments. These websites enable you to comprehend the functioning of codes and be better equipped to resolve issues.

Get Started with Database Management and Networking Fundamentals.

Having a basic understanding of networking and database administration is essential because they are employed by almost every other application.

Employing database administration provides a viable resolution for handling large volumes of intricate data, while computer networking ensures smooth communication amongst numerous devices.

To evaluate if the software communicates effectively with all essential internet protocols and disseminates data precisely, the Quality Assurance team employs these metrics. Studying a programming language on e-learning platforms like YouTube is one way to comprehend these principles.

Enrol in QA Engineer Courses to Become proficient in Various Testing Approaches and Tools

For QA Engineers, having a firm grasp of different testing methodologies is crucial in choosing the most suitable approach for a specific system problem. One can gain knowledge of these techniques through various online courses from freshman year. These include unit testing, integration testing, end-to-end testing, smoke testing, sanity testing, etc.

To implement these techniques successfully, it’s crucial to have proficiency in essential testing tools to ensure comprehensive quality checks and reliable outcomes. Various testing tasks require the use of specialised software like Selenium, Jira, Appium, JMeter, and many others. We suggest selecting a few of these tools and experimenting with them while testing projects to gain proficiency and a better understanding of when and how to use them in QA procedures.

Create Construction Plans

Undertaking projects can be an excellent method to evaluate your comprehension of software development and testing principles. Creating projects like library management system or games can be a good starting point, followed by more intricate endeavours such as developing a website for your school alumni.

Absolutely, these projects can enhance your coding skills and provide a better understanding of areas where the system might fail.

Submit Your Internship Applications

Internships are the best way to gain practical experience. They provide theoretical and practical insights into software solutions, such as debugging and performance optimization. As a Quality Assurance Engineer intern, you can gain proficiency in Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC), its stages and milestones.

This resource is a wealth of information on QA engineering and its associated methodologies, and we suggest exploring it thoroughly.

Attain Certification as a Quality Assurance Engineer

Acquiring certifications in Quality Assurance Engineering could enhance your earning potential and demonstrate your credibility and expertise in the field to future employers.

The following are the most significant certifications for a QA engineer to have:

  • Acquire the Software Testing Associate Certification (CAST).
  • Obtain the Association for Computing Machinery (ISTAB) certification.
  • Gain the Certified Software Test Engineer (CSTE) certification.
  • Attain the Certified Software Quality Analyst (CSQA) accreditation.

Prepare a Resume and Portfolio prior to Job Applications

Developing an electronic portfolio and CV can capture the attention of international recruiters, who could support you in obtaining a job abroad. It is recommended to start creating your portfolio today.

In your portfolio, be sure to include your educational qualifications, accomplishments, projects, and a brief bio. Consider hosting your project codes on GitHub (a version control system) and including the relevant links in your portfolio to display your work to potential employers and fellow developers.

Your career could greatly benefit if recruiters acknowledge your skill set and expertise. Nevertheless, it is crucial to continuously search for opportunities since there will likely be intense competition from other developers who have also shared their portfolios online.

Compensation for QA Engineers

As per job search websites, the reported salary range for a Quality Assurance Engineer in the United States is between $70,000 to $111,000. However, it is crucial to recognize that various factors such as education level, qualifications, location, and industry can significantly influence one’s earnings.

In Europe, compensation for this role generally begins around $52,000 and can reach up to $110,000 annually.

Across Asia, compensation for this position varies by country. In developing nation India, the average yearly income is around USD 5,000 to 10,000, while in Singapore, it could range from USD 5,000 to 11,000.


The IT industry greatly relies on QA engineering to pinpoint and tackle system issues, leading to elevated customer satisfaction. With the industry escalating rapidly, it’s anticipated that demand for QA engineers will grow and the workforce will expand correspondingly.

In conclusion, QA engineering is an immensely promising field for developers to consider. This guide can provide an overview of the basics of software testing or QA engineering, allowing individuals to kickstart their careers with a strong foundation.

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