The success of your company is heavily reliant on top-notch code written by the industry’s most skilled software developers. The selection of programming languages solely depends on the specific project requirements. In the development process, experts in your team may choose PHP, .NET, Node.JS, Java, Ruby or Python, as server-side scripting languages.
For certain tasks, your programming team may opt for object-oriented programming while for others they may choose different programming languages. The selection of programming languages is typically based on the project’s specifications.
Picking the appropriate object-oriented programming language for a project is crucial for success. Failure to make the right decision can result in significant complications. Therefore, the correct selection of programming language can play a crucial role in the successful outcome of a project.
This article will cover the object-oriented programming languages that are appropriate for your team’s engineers to use. However, before exploring this topic in detail, let us begin by defining this specific category of programming languages.
Definition of Object-oriented programming.
Having a solid grasp of Object-Oriented Programming (OOP) is crucial. In his best-selling novel “Microserfs”, Douglas Coupland features a project known as “OOP,” which stands for Object Oriented Programming.
In comparison to previous programming paradigms, OOP brought a significant shift by utilising classes and objects, which can be a combination of intricate abstractions. Essentially, an object is a representation of a class, while a class is a set of instructions for creating blueprints. The blueprints, in turn, are concrete instances of the class.
In simpler terms, we can put it like this:
A physical object like a phone, cup, or record serves as an example of an object. On the other hand, a class refers to a collection of items that have similar attributes. For instance, a class for ‘mobility’ may include a phone, tablet, and laptop, while a class for ‘music’ could contain a CD, cassette, and a record.
Additionally, OOP abides by these four principles:
- Encapsulation: the capability of an entity to hide its internal state, which occurs within a class.
- Abstraction: this is a logical extension of Encapsulation, allowing objects to choose the methods that they want other objects to have access to. For instance, when driving a car, the driver does not have to be familiar with the car’s internal components and how they function to drive the car safely.
- Inheritance enables you to create a new class that acquires all the traits and functions of an already established class.
- When things can transform into distinct forms based on their surroundings, they exhibit polymorphism.
Object-Oriented Programming (OOP) has been proven to be a highly efficient method in software development, especially when dealing with significant teams of developers. The primary benefit of OOP is the ease of reusing code that leads to the expansion and functional efficiency of projects, allowing for faster progress and better collaboration among different teams.
Now, let’s explore the leading OOP languages currently available.
Java is one of the primary programming languages for object-oriented programming (OOP). It is primarily renowned as an accredited language for creating Android applications, which has contributed to its immense popularity. Since Android dominates the mobile operating system market, Java is likely to uphold its position as a standard for a considerable duration.
Java was created to provide a ‘write once, run anywhere’ functionality, which makes it perfect for various applications. Therefore, it is not unexpected that Java tops this list because of its dedication to the principles and ideals of Object-Oriented Programming (OOP).
Python is an incredibly adaptable programming language with numerous potential applications. It is specifically acclaimed for its capability to facilitate both machine learning and data science, becoming one of the most renowned languages in the IT industry. Python is expected to experience a surge in popularity over the next few years due to the expanding significance of DS and ML.
C++ is extensively used due to its blend of Object-Oriented Programming (OOP) principles and incredible speed. Operating systems are often coded in a mix of C and C++, making it unfeasible to adopt an OS assembled in C++. Furthermore, many widely used browsers like Chrome, Firefox, and Safari utilise C++ in their build. For this reason, C++ is an indispensable language in the realm of computer science.
C# is a commonly used object-oriented programming language that Microsoft developed in 2000 as part of its .NET framework. C# is interoperable, enabling it to be used with other languages, and its proficiency in creating graphical user interfaces has made it a beloved choice among programmers.
The compatibility of C# with Windows has made it a favoured option for game development. This is attributed to its Object-Oriented Programming (OOP) traits, Automatic Garbage Collection feature, and exceptional developer tools. Thus, C# has sustained its pre-eminence in the gaming industry.
Ruby is an interpreted, general-purpose, open-source programming language with Object-Oriented Programming (OOP) fundamentals that can be utilised over various platforms. Its creation intended to match the features of the well-regarded Python language.
Ruby’s syntax is intuitive, making it an appealing selection for individuals with prior programming expertise. It is as straightforward as Perl, and it provides support for most Object-Oriented Programming (OOP) characteristics. This adaptability has resulted in Ruby’s acceptance for a wide range of applications, including front-end and back-end development, data analysis, testing innovative concepts, and building prototypes.
Object-Oriented Programming (OOP) languages are an essential aspect of the ever-changing field of software engineering. To stay competitive and keep up with recent advancements, it is significant to grasp these programming languages. Commencing your programming journey with any of these languages is an excellent method to gain this expertise. Additionally, it is often necessary for those interested in engaging the services of the finest offshore developers.