Getting Started with Cloud Computing and What to Expect Next

The world of digital technology is constantly evolving, and one of the most significant and exciting developments in recent years has been the emergence of cloud computing. Over the last decade, this technology has seen impressive growth and broad acceptance among users, beyond its initial base of early adopters. Yet, despite its ubiquity, misconceptions about cloud computing still abound.

As cloud computing continues to dominate the modern technological landscape, it is crucial that we gain a deeper understanding of this phenomenon. What is cloud computing and how does it work? What are its different types? Why has it experienced such rapid growth? What future developments can we expect? This article provides answers to all of these questions.

The Definition of Cloud Computing

The term ‘the cloud’ refers to cloud computing, an internet-based service that grants users access to computer resources such as applications and data centres. Cloud computing operates on a pay-as-you-go basis, taking advantage of resource scalability to ensure that users pay only for what they use. Additionally, cloud computing is known for its self-service feature, enabling users to quickly and easily access these resources.

Understanding the Process of Cloud Computing

Companies that provide cloud computing services typically charge customers a fee in exchange for access to their servers, networks, applications, and data storage facilities. Essentially, these companies rent out their IT infrastructure to a diverse range of businesses, organizations, and individual users.

The arrangement between cloud computing companies and their customers offers two significant benefits. First, customers can access a broad range of services at a reduced or even zero cost, without the need to invest in establishing their own infrastructure. Second, this relationship represents a lucrative business opportunity for cloud computing companies, who can receive payments from a vast number of end-users.

Exploring the Different Types of Cloud Computing

Cloud computing has three distinct types, each with its own set of benefits. These are:

  • IaaS: Infrastructure as a Service

    – This type of cloud computing allows users to access servers, networks, and storage in either a physical or virtual state.
  • PaaS: Platform as a Service

    – With Platform as a Service, developers are provided with a range of pre-existing software and development tools to construct web-based applications. These tools include system software, database management systems, and programming languages, among others. PaaS enables developers to create applications rapidly and cost-effectively, allowing them to concentrate on other aspects of their project.
  • SaaS: Software as a Service

    – Software as a Service is currently the most widely-used business model, as it enables users to access cloud-based software through any Internet-connected device. This allows organizations and individuals to obtain the most recent software versions without requiring installation on a computer or device, as well as the added benefit of not needing to store digital assets on a physical device.

Cloud computing can also be categorised based on its deployment method. For instance, there are public clouds that anyone can access, private clouds accessible only by limited individuals or organizations, hybrid clouds that combine private and public resources, and multi-clouds that use several cloud services simultaneously.

Noteworthy Cloud Service Providers

In recent years, the significant players in the cloud computing industry have remained largely the same. Nonetheless, significant changes are anticipated by 2023, as the leading providers attempt to bolster their positions by investing significantly in the newest technologies. These providers have a solid presence in the cloud computing market and are likely to continue their dominance in the future. Currently, the top contenders are:

  • Microsoft Cloud:

    As the technology giant, Microsoft is making strategic investments in the financial sector, partnering with Volkswagen to build smart vehicles, and incorporating blockchain-based identification systems to maintain its position as an industry leader in cloud computing. Their two cloud-based services, Office 365 and Azure, exemplify this.
  • Amazon Web Services Provider:

    Amazon Cloud, previously regarded as the industry standard, is now the basis for many of the corporation’s most popular products, including its e-commerce platform and virtual assistant. Amazon’s STRIDES initiative aims to offer statistical data to facilitate research into preventing and treating diseases. Furthermore, Amazon is looking to broaden its reach by providing a Blockchain as a Service (BaaS) platform for companies.
  • IBM Cloud:

    Big Blue’s cloud services have been around for a while, demonstrating their reliability in terms of performance and dependability. Through recent collaborations, they have expanded their offerings to include additional services related to the application of blockchain technology in food transportation and distribution. In addition, their Multicloud Manager technology allows for data management across various cloud platforms.
  • Salesforce:

    The cloud-based customer relationship management (CRM) system has gained widespread acceptance in the corporate world, with businesses of all sizes and industries adopting the technology. To improve its product offering, Salesforce is pursuing a growth strategy that entails acquiring smaller cloud providers. Additionally, to ensure better compatibility with iOS, Salesforce has partnered with Apple.
  • Google Cloud Platform (GCP):

    G Suite and Google Cloud Platform have had a significant impact on the cloud computing industry due to Google’s emphasis on both performance and speed. The tech giant’s cloud-based future is reliant on insights derived from its vast data collection, which is aided by its numerous services. This is evidenced by Google’s Cloud Robotics Platform, which utilises Google’s Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning algorithms to enable collaborative robots to carry out various tasks.

Why Has Cloud Computing Been So Spectacularly Successful?

According to research by LogicMonitor, 83% of business workloads will be executed in the cloud by 2023, highlighting the substantial adoption of cloud computing by both large and small companies. But what is driving this significant surge in popularity? While there are various factors, the principal driver is the many benefits of cloud computing. These advantages include, but are not limited to:

  • You don’t need to maintain your own server farm:

    Through renting computing resources from a third-party, you can access expensive infrastructure services without having to invest in the hardware and software yourself. This removes the necessity to dedicate time and resources to keeping the hardware and software up to date, which can be costly and time-consuming.
  • Accessible Worldwide:

    Since the materials are available online, this is a significant advantage for businesses with multiple locations that require access to a centralized database, as well as for those with remote workers who need to share information. Cloud-based solutions are available to anyone with an internet connection.
  • Better Information Security:

    Cloud service providers swiftly update their defences to protect against new security threats as they emerge, ensuring the safety of all cloud-based data and files. Additionally, data is frequently backed up on multiple servers to reduce the risk of data loss due to hardware problems.
  • Frequent Software Updates:

    Cloud computing providers continuously aim to stay ahead of the competition, offering their clients access to the most recent state-of-the-art resources and techniques to improve their business operations and foster growth. As a result, businesses can benefit from the newest and most advanced services available, allowing them to stay competitive and successful.
  • Stretchable Resources to Meet Evolving Demands:

    Cloud computing can be an excellent choice for businesses with fluctuating workloads and periods of usage spikes. Employing cloud computing enables businesses to manage increased demand without maintaining a large, costly, and underutilized in-house workforce. This makes cloud computing an excellent solution for businesses that only require additional staff during specific periods of the year or month.
  • Agile Project Management is Possible if…

    Cloud computing offers a convenient and cost-effective way to quickly access a variety of resources, allowing businesses to prototype ideas and develop solutions quickly. This eliminates the need for substantial investments in IT hardware and software, particularly when developing applications that may require rapid scalability in the future.
  • Competitive Edge in a Crowded Market:

    Simply by using cloud-based applications, you can gain a significant advantage over your competitors who either lack access to this technology or must devote time to managing their systems’ necessary maintenance and upkeep. With cloud computing, you need not worry about infrastructure, system updates, or backups, allowing you to concentrate on more critical tasks.

Cloud computing’s numerous advantages make it an apparent selection for organizations of any size. These benefits, including cost savings, scalability, and flexibility, make cloud computing a desirable option for businesses seeking to meet their requirements. It is evident why numerous organizations have already transitioned to some form of cloud computing, as it provides various advantages on demand.

What Needs to Happen for Cloud Computing to Become Mainstream?

As companies, institutions and individuals become increasing aware of the benefits of cloud computing, its prevalence is destined to rise. Nevertheless, this technology isn’t the only aspect that will influence our utilisation of digital resources in the future. Other trends such as [insert examples] will also have an effect.

  • The Rise of Complex Interconnected Cloud Ecosystems:

    Recent research indicates that despite many businesses already integrating public and private clouds with on-premises resources, only 20% of their operations have successfully transitioned to the cloud. The other 80% of companies still need to make the move due to performance and legal considerations that dictate keeping specific workloads and sensitive data on-site. Nevertheless, it’s anticipated that the overall acceptance of cloud integration will continue to grow in the near future.

With the ongoing enhancement and refinement of cloud security, the hybrid multi-cloud system is poised to become the most advantageous solution, providing the benefits of both private and public clouds, resources from a range of providers, and an emphasis on on-site infrastructure, all encompassed within a single system.

  • Significant Emphasis Placed on Data Security:

    The implementation of the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) by the European Union (EU) could represent a pivotal point in the development of cloud storage, as the GDPR aims to tackle the security and privacy concerns commonly linked with the process. By broadening its scope beyond the EU’s borders and introducing the Privacy by Design principle, the GDPR seeks to ensure that data remains protected from the outset of any online systems.

Even though the European Union spearheaded its introduction, it’s clear that the effects of this regulation will have a global reach. It’s expected to have a substantial influence on how software developers handle and implement security protocols in their digital applications.

  • Focus Shifts with the Emergence of Edge Computing:

    In recent times, leading firms such as Amazon, Microsoft, Google, and IBM have struggled to keep pace with the exponential growth of cloud computing. Given the technology’s inherent nature, the bulk of cloud service providers have already maximised centralisation possibilities, leaving minimal room for further expansion. Consequently, many companies have had to explore the market’s outer periphery to maintain their competitiveness.

As a result, edge computing implies that processing power and additional resources are situated nearer to the data’s source. Instead of having to maintain constant communication with the cloud, the user is linked to a nearby hub that can utilise cloud resources as needed.

Autonomous vehicles will no longer require instructions to be transmitted from a remote server before taking action. Instead, they will be able to drive themselves with the assistance of a unified software system that communicates only with the automobile’s original manufacturer for bug fixes and user input. As a result, most of the processing occurs on the vehicle itself, with more advanced tasks being executed in the cloud.

  • Changes in How Companies Utilise the Cloud:

    As companies adopt hybrid multi-cloud technology, several challenges must be tackled. One of the most pressing issues is the requirement to create specialised roles that oversee cloud models. Positions like Cloud Manager, Cloud Broker, and Cloud Architect are becoming more prevalent as companies strive to remain at the forefront of innovation.

Moreover, this will require changes in the way new teams are structured. When recruiting for fresh IT roles, it’s vital to seek out candidates with cutting-edge knowledge and skills in domains like automation, API governance, data integration, and proficiency in cross-platform tools. This means that the new team members must acclimatise to the company’s existing culture.


In today’s business environment, cloud computing is no longer just a future trend; it’s rapidly becoming a reality. This is due to numerous benefits of cloud computing, including reduced infrastructure costs, a competitive edge, enhanced security, adaptable resources, and regular updates. Consequently, more and more organisations are transitioning their operations to the cloud. Additionally, many of the top cloud providers offer assurances to instil confidence in customers throughout the migration process.

It’s evident that major corporations are stretching the limits of cloud computing, introducing novel features and functionalities expected to significantly impact the industry in the years to come. Innovations such as smart devices, blockchain-based solutions, AI-powered insights, and enhanced performance are some of the advancements poised to revolutionize the sector. Consequently, the next few years are expected to be a crucial period for these companies.

The implementation of hybrid multi-clouds is anticipated to considerably alter the way cloud computing is approached. Companies will need to shoulder new obligations, and security will be of paramount importance. Additionally, edge computing will unlock an abundance of uncharted possibilities. This will have a significant impact on the industry.

Cloud computing has never been more beneficial for organisations of all sizes. With a plethora of dependable and feature-rich options available in the market, the present is an opportune time to transition to a cloud-based system. Additionally, the future of cloud computing looks bright, indicating that businesses can expect to enjoy further technological enhancements in the near future.

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