Here Are 3 Distinctive Variations Between Serverless and Microservice Designs

For those unfamiliar with the terminology, microservice architecture is an architectural style that structures an application as a collection of loosely coupled services, each of which is responsible for a specific task. Serverless technology is a form of cloud computing which abstracts away the need for server management, allowing developers to focus on coding their applications. It also has the benefit of allowing application owners to pay only for the resources they use. Lambda is a serverless computing service provided by Amazon Web Services, and could thus be considered a microservice. The main difference between Lambda and a traditional microservice is that Lambda is an event-driven serverless computing platform, while a microservice is a loosely coupled service that can be used independently. Whether it is preferable to use a serverless framework to host microservices or not depends on the application’s specific requirements. In some cases, serverless frameworks can offer a cost-effective and scalable hosting solution, while in other cases a more traditional hosting solution may be more suitable.

Need some help finding the answers to such questions? Continue reading!

Microservice architecture is defined as.

Microservice architecture is a design pattern that involves splitting an application into smaller, more independent components known as services. These services communicate with each other using simple protocols.

Application functionality is divided into separate ‘microservices’ which interact and collaborate via Application Programming Interfaces (APIs).

Each microservice is subject to its own suite of tests and utilizes its own resources, such as databases, libraries and templates. Furthermore, it is usually distinguished by a modular architecture.

Because each microservice may function autonomously, it’s not necessary to launch the whole application only to make use of a single function.

It is possible to decompose a music streaming service into multiple smaller services, each of which is responsible for a distinct function, such as profile creation, song discovery, playlist management and playback. Should an additional capability be required, a new microservice can be created and integrated into the system.

If you’re interested in learning more about microservice architecture, how does it function?

Microservices are small, self-contained components that do a single task. Each service handles its own unique procedure and functions autonomously.

Containers are utilized to implement this concept. Microservices are often constructed by developers in containers, utilising pre-existing templates and libraries of code. Every container provides the necessary tools and environment for a service to operate autonomously. Docker is the most widely used option for generating containers.

To create a microservice architecture, the development team must go through the following steps:

  • Decomposition:

    The app’s functionality should be broken down into more manageable chunks.
  • Design:

    Once the services to be utilised have been selected, the interconnections between them can be planned and the hierarchy established; determining which microservices will depend on others and how.
  • Development:

    Once the team has created a microservices map and has a thorough understanding of how the system’s components will interact with each other, our service should be provided.
  • Deployment:

    Establish serverless microservices, separate virtual machines, or containers as FaaS.

The advantages of microservice architecture are discussed.

  • Separate development, testing, and rollout of services without impacting one another or the parent application.
  • Gain flexibility by working on features and fixing bugs before the programme is fully released.
  • Even at peak times, performance may be readily increased.
  • Ability to adapt business logic and use a wide range of technologies.
  • Capable of being altered and reapplied in a number of contexts.

Why does microservice architecture provide such difficulties?

  • The complexity of an application grows as its features are separated out into separate modules.
  • More work is needed to manage several databases, ensure data integrity, and keep an eye on each microservice.
  • Microservices APIs have four times the risk of traditional APIs.
  • Microservices might be too sluggish and complicated for smaller organisations that require rapid implementation and iteration.
  • In a distributed system, test coverage must be greater, and interface requirements must be tighter.
  • This comes at a pricier price.

Serverless technology: what exactly is it?

Serverless architecture is a method of developing and deploying web-based applications and services without managing the server infrastructure.

A serverless architecture enables developers to focus solely on the code, as the cloud service provider is responsible for security patches, capacity management, scalability, logging, load balancing, and monitoring.

The entire application or a selected portion of it can be operated using a server less architecture. The server is only active whilst the application is in use, granting the application access to its resources as soon as the code is run and releasing them when the app is no longer in use. The app owner will only incur charges when the app is actively being utilized.

Backend-as-a-Service (BaaS) and Function-as-a-Service (FaaS) are two cloud services that may be offered by providers. BaaS facilitates the creation of pre-built features, allowing developers to focus on the user experience. Due to its lack of flexibility and management options, BaaS sees limited utilisation.

Function-as-a-Service (FaaS) offers more flexibility than other options, allowing users to build applications comprising a set of related services. Furthermore, FaaS provides the option of enabling each feature on a temporary basis and automatically disabling it when no longer needed.

What is the function of serverless design?

Serverless computing enables organizations to outsource the hosting of their applications’ functionalities to third-party providers. Functions are self-contained units designed to carry out a single, well-defined task within the context of a programme. These functions can be activated recursively in response to a stimulus.

With serverless architecture, you can create apps that are quick to respond to user requests and light on memory.

Serverless architecture can offer cost, time and resource savings, making it an ideal choice for real-time applications, virtual assistants and minimum viable products.

The following steps are taken by the development team in order to establish a serverless architecture:

  • Functions:

    Programmers write code to accomplish functional goals in an application. In most cases, this is a simple and fast procedure.
  • Event:

    For each task, the programmers create an event. Upon meeting the requisite criteria, the functionalities are enabled. One type of event is a request for a web page to be loaded using the Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP).
  • Trigger:

    In order to activate the feature, the user must press a specified key, touch the screen in a particular spot, or click a button.
  • Execution:

    Here, the function’s execution clock starts ticking.
  • Output:

    Client-side application output is used to notify users of changes.

In what ways can serverless computing improve efficiency?

  • More effort should be put into making high-quality apps so that they may be released more quickly.
  • Uses less energy in its development, upkeep, and enhancement of basic facilities.
  • Ideal for instantaneous processes.
  • It’s cheaper in the long run to employ data and server management experts.
  • Multiple subscription-based pricing models are available, allowing for accurate financial planning.
  • A fast, scalable solution that doesn’t sacrifice performance.
  • The vendor is accountable for the administration of all system resources.

Why does serverless architecture provide difficulties?

  • Changing to a new provider might be challenging if your business’s logic or technology has undergone any kind of fundamental transformation.
  • Multi-tenant serverless systems might have performance issues if/when a nearby tenant publishes very sophisticated code.
  • A ‘cold start’ occurs when a programme or process is activated after being dormant for an extended period of time.

How does a serverless architecture vary from a microservice architecture, and what are their main differences?

When picking between a microservices and serverless architecture, it’s important to keep in mind the following factors.

  1. Approach

    Microservices require team resources to ensure effective monitoring, deployment, support and maintenance. The team is also responsible for managing the architecture, its computational requirements and security.

    Serverless architecture is dependent on an external service provider, eliminating the need for a company to create, secure and maintain its own server infrastructure. By utilizing this method, the total cost of the project can be reduced as the cloud service provider is responsible for all administrative duties.

  2. Cost

    Given the need for internal resources and constant staff involvement, the development and upkeep of microservices can be more expensive. Nevertheless, this approach has various benefits, such as the removal of the risk of being reliant on a single supplier or external entity.

    Serverless architecture has the potential to reduce costs significantly. Businesses can take advantage of this by sharing resources, leading to savings in terms of both time and money. Additionally, they may benefit from reduced human resource and administrative costs, while still obtaining competitive prices from suppliers.

  3. Runtime

    Serverless functions are designed to be executed quickly and efficiently, and therefore have a maximum execution time across all service providers. For example, AWS Lambda functions have a maximum execution time of 15 minutes. They are also designed to be memory efficient, meaning they do not require large amounts of memory to execute.

    Microservices are not subject to any runtime, storage or RAM restrictions imposed by providers, making them a viable solution for more complex, long-term projects that involve handling and processing large data sets.

In conclusion

It is important to consider both the advantages and disadvantages of serverless systems and microservices when deciding on an architecture, in order to ensure that it meets the needs and objectives of the business and its products.

If cost reduction and expedited deployment are of utmost importance, serverless is a viable solution. However, if a comprehensive, intricate application is intended, microservices should be considered as the preferred option.

Alternately, with the right resources and manpower, you may combine the two technologies into a single cloud-native implementation.

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  1. Could lambda be considered a microservice?

    To execute serverless applications in the cloud, AWS Lambda is available.
  2. Is it preferable to use a serverless framework to host microservices?

    Serverless technology is an ideal option when optimising cost and improving deployment speed is essential. However, when building a large and complex application, microservices are the most suitable choice.

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