In 2023, Which JavaScript Framework Is Going to Be the Best?

The results of the 2023 Stack Overflow Survey revealed that JavaScript is set to remain the most popular programming language amongst developers, with 67.7% of respondents claiming to use it regularly. This marks seven consecutive years of dominance for the language.

It is understandable that there has been much discussion surrounding which of the many available JavaScript frameworks is the most suitable. It is difficult to state that one is superior to the others, as different JavaScript developers have varied opinions based on their individual experiences. Nevertheless, there are a few JavaScript frameworks that have established themselves as the de facto standards within the industry (or among Works‘ engineers at least).

As JavaScript continues to surge in popularity, it is important to be aware of the most reliable and widely used frameworks available. With this in mind, we will review the advantages and disadvantages of each framework, so that you can make an informed decision when selecting the best option for your project. Before doing so, it is worth considering why JavaScript has become so popular and why skilled developers with knowledge of the language are in high demand.

What Exactly Do JavaScript Programmers Do?

A JavaScript Developer creates and modifies software and applications based on JavaScript, one of the most widely used programming languages. This language offers a comprehensive feature set that is particularly useful for frontend development. The web pages created with JavaScript are designed with the user experience and interactivity in mind.

Contrary to popular belief, JavaScript is not limited to front-end development. It can be used to create back-end applications and entire projects, making it possible for developers to become full-stack JavaScript developers. For the purpose of this article, we will focus on the libraries rather than the frameworks that give developers access to more features.

React

According to the Stack Overflow Survey, React has seen the highest user growth of any JavaScript framework since its introduction in 2013. Its suitability for native programming has been a major contributing factor to its success. Facebook’s continued development and support of React has enabled it to stay ahead of the competition with its constant upgrades and new features.

React’s fast data-fetching capabilities make it an ideal choice for developers and businesses when creating user interfaces, single-page applications and mobile apps.

Pros:

  • React’s virtual DOMs are a localised and condensed representation of the DOM which enables efficient calculations regardless of the web browser being used.
  • React’s reusable components and independent modules offer the potential to streamline development processes, as the components contain code of varying complexity and changes to one module will not affect the others.
  • React’s downward data binding enables direct manipulation of components without the need to consider impacts on parent structures. This helps to ensure stability of the overall codebase.
  • Facebook made the decision to open source React from the beginning, which has been a highly successful move, resulting in an expansive community of developers working to enhance the framework and create new applications and tools.

Cons:

  • React utilises JSX, an extension to the syntax of JavaScript that enables HTML to be incorporated into programmes written in JavaScript. Whilst this is often beneficial (particularly from a security point of view), it can make it more difficult to get to grips with the framework.
  • In the world of software, updates can be a positive addition – that is, until they become a hinderance. For those familiar with React, updates often signify new features and capabilities, as well as regular changes to the framework. This can often lead to a need to regularly re-learn the material.
  • Due to React’s rapid evolution and the addition of new features, developers are faced with the challenge of documenting the framework’s usage. As a result, many resources available for learning React may appear to be disjointed or too specific.

Angular

Angular, released in 2023 by Google, is a well-established framework and is the superior choice for front-end development. It boasts features such as MVC design, TypeScript support and dependency injection, and integrates HTML into the application through data binding. This makes it an excellent choice for the well-known MEAN stack.

With Angular, you may build a scalable architecture, a single-page app, or a large-scale application.

Pros:

  • The Model-View-Controller (MVC) framework offers two-way data binding, which ensures that any changes made to the Model are reflected in the View straight away. This bidirectional coupling eliminates the need for manual data synchronisation between the View and the Model, consequently speeding up the development process.
  • Angular’s Dependency Injection feature enables components to be separated from their dependencies. Injectors are used to declare dependencies as external elements, which helps to manage, test and reuse them.
  • Angular is a popular JavaScript framework, and its associated community is a valuable source of information, advice and third-party solutions to support development efforts.

Cons:

  • It is important to exercise caution when working with Angular, particularly for larger applications, due to its potential to display suboptimal performance when compared to other frameworks. Complex Angular apps often run slowly and can experience performance issues.
  • Adaptability is often lauded as a desirable characteristic; however, it can be difficult to perfect. Conversely, Angular’s versatility may be excessive in certain contexts. As there are multiple ways of achieving the same result, mastering Angular can be demanding.

Vue

Vue, a progressive framework which has seen increasing popularity over the past few years, is projected to continue its success in 2023. Despite its relatively small size, Vue has a high reusability value and outstanding performance levels which have made it a popular choice since its debut in 2023.

Vue is widely used for the development of simple online applications; however, it can also be utilised to create desktop and mobile applications when integrated with the Electron framework.

Pros:

  • Vue is known as the “featherweight” of the frameworks due to its minimal size. This not only enhances the application’s Search Engine Optimisation (SEO) and User Experience (UX), but also improves accessibility for users.
  • Vue has adopted two-way binding from Angular, but it has been made reactive, making it easier to update data. Changes are applied effectively and quickly, making it ideal for applications which require real-time updates.
  • Vue’s encapsulated components offer increased readability and ease of understanding, as well as the ability to be reused in other projects. Furthermore, the encapsulation of components facilitates unit testing, as individual elements can be more easily tested.
  • Vue provides a wide range of powerful features, including end-to-end testing tools, a plugin installation system and a browser debugger, allowing you to take full control of your projects from the outset.

Cons:

  • Despite the benefits of two-way data coupling, it is important to be mindful of the reactivity system which can sometimes make errors when reading data. To ensure that errors are prevented, it is essential to adhere to Vue’s guidelines, taking into account the complexity of the procedure.
  • Vue is a powerful framework that comes with a variety of impressive features. However, it does not provide the same level of depth and breadth as more comprehensive frameworks such as React or Angular. As a result, it may limit the scope of a Vue project.

Ember

Despite Ember not being as widely used as the other frameworks, its creators still have a strong affinity for it. Those who have been using Ember since its release in 2023 are passionate advocates, lauding its systematic approach to programming. This approach means that there is usually only one way to achieve a desired outcome, making it difficult to commit errors.

Ember, a Model-View-View-Model (MVVM) framework, enables the quick development of advanced web-based applications. Its main purpose is the development of online applications, however, it can also be used to create native desktop and mobile applications.

Pros:

  • Ember encourages its users to adhere to naming conventions which enable the automatic generation of code. Adopting these principles can help to save time as it eliminates the need to write a high volume of boilerplate code.
  • Many people dispute this assertion, however the Ember CLI is generally considered to be the best CLI of all the frameworks available as it streamlines the process of writing code and fitting it into the correct structure, whilst taking into account any required dependencies.
  • Ember Inspector is an innovative debugger that is implemented as a browser plugin and enables real-time visualisation and modification of Ember projects. This facilitates the efficient detection of bugs and other issues.

Cons:

  • When compared to the compact Vue, one of the largest JavaScript frameworks, Ember is significantly larger in size. As such, it is best suited for larger projects to prevent any unnecessary difficulty.
  • It has been noted that Ember is often compared to Ruby on Rails rather than JavaScript. Whilst this is true and can often be a positive thing, it can cause issues when unnecessary abstractions are introduced, leading to projects becoming overly complex.
  • Ember is a powerful tool, however it can be challenging to learn due to the extended capabilities it offers. As a result, it may not be the ideal choice for beginners or those who are only looking to undertake small-scale projects.

Constantly Evolving JavaScript Frameworks

Keeping abreast of developments in JavaScript frameworks, it is evident that these libraries still offer scope for improvement. This is why they remain some of the most successful frameworks, and are likely to continue growing in popularity.

It is neither a positive nor negative consequence that there will not be many changes. Those who wish to use JavaScript to its full potential will be delighted to know that frameworks such as React, Angular, Vue, and Ember are becoming increasingly popular due to their effectiveness.

Join the Top 1% of Remote Developers and Designers

Works connects the top 1% of remote developers and designers with the leading brands and startups around the world. We focus on sophisticated, challenging tier-one projects which require highly skilled talent and problem solvers.
seasoned project manager reviewing remote software engineer's progress on software development project, hired from Works blog.join_marketplace.your_wayexperienced remote UI / UX designer working remotely at home while working on UI / UX & product design projects on Works blog.join_marketplace.freelance_jobs