It is evident that Google’s object identification using Lens, Tesla’s Autopilot, and Facebook’s facial recognition technology all utilise Artificial Intelligence (AI) algorithms. Computer Vision (CV) is the underlying basis for these advanced products, although this technology is not completely new, it is becoming increasingly widespread in high-end goods.
It is perplexing to consider the complexity of programming a computer to replicate the natural sight of a human being. Computers have only recently begun to be able to behave similarly to the way our own eyes and identification systems work, and this is a huge challenge. Computer Vision (CV) seeks to accurately simulate human sight, and this is an incredibly difficult task. It is remarkable how much more complex this process is compared to the ease with which we can do it ourselves.
As technological advancements continue to be made, computer vision (CV) has become increasingly utilised by a broad selection of organisations and has been implemented into a large range of consumer products. Nevertheless, the technology is still only scratching the surface of its potential. Once the existing restrictions of CV are eliminated through the efforts of developers, its practical applications will undoubtedly be amplified. Consequently, it is imperative that the fundamentals of the technology are understood and perfected before any further progress is made.
Definition of Computer Vision
To this point, we have determined that computer vision is a method for machines to recognise and process visual information such as images and videos. It is achieved through the use of artificial intelligence algorithms, enabling the computer to interpret what it ‘sees’ and generate results that are understandable to the machine. Consequently, there are three key elements to computer vision:
- See: For quite some time now, we have been able to achieve the most fundamental capability of sensors and equipment, which is to record their surrounding environment. This is clearly illustrated by the high-definition cameras that are in use today. This was the first and simplest step to enabling devices to ‘see’, as all that was required was for them to capture the light emanating from whatever was in front of them.
- Describe: Already, the second phase of the process presents a considerable set of challenges. After the computer has recorded the items, the next step is to ascertain what has been captured. To achieve this, algorithms are utilised which identify edges and search for viewpoints in the photographs. Although this can be a difficult undertaking, current computers are capable of managing the task, thanks to the strides made in GPU-powered parallel computing.
In what ways can CV segment reality to locate objects? Welker Media is the source.
- Understand: In order for a computer to be able to identify an automobile from a picture, all that is required is the information provided. However, in order to truly understand the context of what it is looking at, it needs to be able to comprehend the fact that the automobile is a form of transport that can be grouped together with other forms of transport such as motorcycles and aircraft. To be able to successfully create the digital equivalent of human eyes, understanding the context is essential. Currently, computer vision developers are still trying to figure out how to replicate this context for computers, as humans comprehend what we see based on our memories, our other senses, our focus and cognition, and our relationships.
The implementation of Computer Vision (CV) technology is only now becoming a reality due to the advances in Machine Learning (ML) and the increased computational power and resources that are now available. All three stages of the CV process involve complex and sophisticated procedures, which were previously inaccessible to most organisations. Therefore, its adoption has only recently been made possible.
Computer vision has seen tremendous advancements over the last few decades, however there is still a great deal of progress to be made. This is primarily due to our lack of knowledge regarding how the human brain processes and interprets visual information. Without this understanding, it is almost impossible to recreate the sight of a human through computers. Meaning there is still much work to be done in the understanding section of computer vision. Researchers are continually striving to learn more about how the human eye works, in the hopes of making further progress in this area.
CV in the Present Day
It is understandable that you may feel frustrated that your CV is still in its infancy. CV technology offers a range of powerful applications, and the current applications demonstrate the potential of CV when integrated into a service or platform. To provide an overview, some of the most prominent applications are listed below.
- Recognizing faces: Computer Vision (CV) is a powerful technology that is used in a wide range of applications, from high-tech security systems to the image tagging technology employed by Facebook. Its revolutionary use in the Amazon Go store allows customers to shop without the need for a cashier, as cameras placed around the shop detect the items that customers place in their carts, adding them to a digital wish list. The customer’s Amazon account is automatically billed as soon as they leave the store, creating a convenient and hassle-free shopping experience. CV is therefore a key component in creating innovative and efficient customer experiences.
- Cars that Don’t Need drivers: It is no surprise that Tesla and Ford are making use of Computer Vision (CV) methods to improve the navigational abilities of their self-driving vehicles on public highways and roads. By analysing the visual information collected while travelling, the vehicles are able to make safer and more informed decisions. This includes being able to identify traffic signs and respond accordingly, as well as distinguishing people and other vehicles to interact safely. Artificial Intelligence (AI) is therefore a key asset in ensuring smooth and safe navigation of autonomous vehicles.
- Healthcare businesses: As a result, computer vision (CV) is being increasingly utilised within the medical profession, which has traditionally employed imaging technologies such as X-rays and scans for diagnosis and treatment. It is exciting to observe CV being employed in novel and inventive ways within the medical sector, with one such example being the innovative DermLens app. This software utilises a camera to monitor a patient’s psoriasis and observe any changes. The software is then able to evaluate the severity of the illness based on the Computer Vision images it captures, which could potentially lead to more tailored treatment plans.
- In the Agricultural industry: Agriculture is one of the most technologically advanced sectors of the traditional industries, making it a natural choice for leveraging the potential of computer vision (CV) to increase efficiency. With the help of Artificial Intelligence (AI), farmers can implement better cultivation techniques, improve the yield of their crops, and detect potential problems at an earlier stage. A great example of this is Slantrange, a drone that takes aerial photographs of fields to identify common issues such as pest infestations, nutrient deficiencies, and soil dryness. This data is then transferred to a mobile application, allowing farmers to analyse it and make more informed decisions to minimise the impact of any potential stressors.
- Financial Institutions Due to the fact that this advanced technology is able to provide answers to important issues such as security and privacy, the banking sector is now taking advantage of AI-based solutions in order to improve and develop their services.
- In the Business World, We Utilise Finally, Computer Vision (CV) is being utilised within the industrial sector in a variety of ways. As a case in point, this technology is being applied to monitor infrastructure, particularly in otherwise hard-to-reach areas such as isolated wells or facilities dealing with hazardous materials. These programmes are advantageous to any industrial company, however they are particularly beneficial to those involved in oil rigs, chemical plants, refineries, and power plants.
The evidence for the usefulness of computer vision (CV) is becoming increasingly compelling, and it is now the right moment for people from all walks of life to take advantage of this innovative technology. From facial recognition to the defence against financial fraud, CV has been proven to be a valuable asset in a variety of contexts, most notably in the development of autonomous vehicles.
Despite the fact that there is still more to be done before Computer Vision (CV) is able to reach its full potential, its revolutionary effect has already begun to be seen. It is clear that this is the beginning of an extraordinary transformation with immense potential to benefit many different types of businesses in the future.