Java’s Top 10 Frameworks

Java continues to be a highly utilised programming language for various reasons. It is widely employed in the world’s most popular mobile operating system,Android, due to its reliability and extensive scalability. Furthermore, Java is implemented in numerous industries, namely finance, retail, IT, Big Data, academia, and the stock market, which has helped to cement its enduring popularity.

As such, it is imperative for businesses that are committed to advancing their digital transformation efforts in line with the demands of modern technology and customers, to make use of Java.

While Java is an efficient language for development purposes, it is crucial to have the right frameworks in place to enable developers to maximise its potential and achieve quality results within designated timeframes.

In essence, a framework consists of a set of functions, libraries, and other code elements that simplify the development of software programs while outlining their possible types and integration mechanisms. Through the utilisation of frameworks, developers can take advantage of the reuse of particular components, rather than coding entire programmes from scratch, which saves time and eliminates unnecessary repetition.

As frameworks have been designed to be utilised in multiple contexts, they considerably simplify the lives of the software developers.

Having established the meaning of a framework, let us now explore the top 10 frameworks that you may want to consider for your developers.


Spring is a frequently utilised Java framework for the creation of online applications, rendering an array of setup formats and features such as YAML, external configuration, and type-safe configuration.

One of the key advantages of Spring is its utilisation of Inversion of Control, which facilitates the integration of distinct components into a functioning system.

The benefits of employing the Spring framework for your developers are evident, as it is the most commonly used framework for constructing Java-based web applications. Additionally, it features Spring Security to deliver authentication and authorisation capabilities, as well as the ability to establish links to JDBC databases and expose RESTful services.


For more than twenty years, Apache Struts has been a dependable web application framework that adopts a Model-View-Control architecture. Leveraging the Java Servlet API’s qualities, it simplifies the development of Java EE web applications. Furthermore, Struts utilises XML-based files for centralised setups, reducing the time and effort required for constructing online applications.

In addition, Struts offers a diverse set of capabilities featuring themes, templates, POJO-based actions, customisable MVC components, tags, and integration.

Google Chrome Developer Tools

Introducing Google Web Toolkit (GWT), an open-source framework created by Google that enables developers to effortlessly build sophisticated web applications. GWT, pronounced “gwit”, streamlines the web app development process by eliminating the requirement for in-depth understanding of browser intricacies.

The Google Web Toolkit (GWT) package incorporates all of the necessary Java API libraries, a compiler, and a development server, enabling programmers to build Java-based client applications that operate in JavaScript.


Grails, a free and open-source web application framework written in the Java-based Apache Groovy language, utilises the “coding by convention” approach to hide configuration details from the user. It can be utilised on its own, without any additional development frameworks.

Grails was created with the aim of delivering a dependable Java web framework that consolidates existing Java technologies under a single interface. It provides a reliable platform for development, along with extensive documentation.

Grails diverges from standard Java web frameworks in 3 main ways.

  • XML setup is unnecessary.
  • Preconfigured settings can be used directly.
  • A mixin allows for the on-the-fly addition of an extra method to a class, increasing its functionality.


Scala is the driving force behind Play, a Java-based framework for building web and mobile applications. Play’s high efficiency is made possible by its compilation to Java bytecode.

Play’s wide range of capabilities is one of the primary reasons why so many Java programmers choose to work with it. Its “hit refresh” process, powerful console and build tools, type safety, and integrated testing capabilities make it possible to make rapid changes using just a web browser and text editor. Furthermore, Play is compatible with the Eclipse and IntelliJ IDEA integrated development environments.


Thanks to its remarkable enhancements to the Java Persistence API, the Hibernate framework has swiftly gained popularity. What sets Hibernate apart is its capacity to furnish the essential infrastructure to translate an object-oriented domain model into a relational database, facilitated by the Hibernate Query Language.

Hibernate boasts several capabilities, such as caching, automation, scalability, less redundancy through the JDBC API, support for Persistence APIs, and the ability to interoperate with any database.


If you’re seeking something that is lightweight and uncomplicated, Dropwizard might be the ideal framework for you. This framework accelerates the development of RESTful web servers and Java-based web applications.

Dropwizard uses the Metrics library to monitor performance, the Hibernate Validator API for verifying data, Logback and SLF4J for logging, and jars for distribution rather than a war file.

Dropwizard simplifies the speedy prototyping of fresh features and services for microservices and applications. It is user-friendly and non-restrictive as regards libraries, open-source and operationally efficient.


Designed for web application development, Vaadin is an open-source framework that employs HTML5 and Java to deliver type-safety. If you require a secure and user-friendly solution for web application development, this framework may be just what you need.

With 45 UI components at its disposal, Vaadin is capable of streamlining the development of robust applications. Additionally, the framework includes the Vaadin Collaborative Engine, which enables developers to implement in-app collaboration features.


Blade, a widely used Java framework for building feature-rich web applications, is a templating engine integrated within the Laravel framework. It aims to simplify the development of sophisticated Java web applications.

Blade is an intelligible and modular MVC framework capable of supporting tailored project structuring to aid debugging. The framework is compatible with plug-ins and makes use of configuration files in JSON format.

Blade may be the optimal choice for beginner-level developers seeking the most straightforward Java framework available.


Apache Wicket, an Apache Foundation product, is a framework engineered to bring web development up to snuff with the latest version of Java. The development of Apache Wicket 2.4, which uses Java 11, ensures that the framework can keep pace with the progress of Java.

Wicket provides users with an updated Material Security Policy, ensuring the protection of applications against security breaches. The policy mandates that applications are able to determine authorized sources of content before loading it in a browser. Additionally, Wicket supports different output types, tags, themes and templates, POJO actions, and MVC components, all of which can be adjusted to meet specific requirements.


One of these frameworks could provide your Java developers with the tools they need to improve productivity and precision in the workplace. Considering the increasing demand for web applications, it is important to ensure your team of programmers is equipped with suitable resources to meet these needs.

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