Methodologies for Creating Software and How to Choose Them

Top 10 Software Engineering Practices

In order to streamline the software development process, businesses utilize a software development methodology, which involves a set of procedures and the utilization of various approaches. These techniques typically involve breaking down the process into smaller components, allowing teams to provide more specific attention to each stage.

Selecting the most effective development strategies can be a difficult task since there is no single approach that is suitable for all scenarios. It is likely that some developers may favor a specific approach, however, others may not as they might have their own preferred method.

In recent years, there have been a number of innovations in software development technology to help teams create higher quality software. In this article, we will explore the 10 most widely used methods of developing software.

  1. Agile Software Development Process
  2. The Waterfall Approach to Software Development
  3. Formative Sample
  4. Streamlined Growth
  5. Accelerated Program Creation (RAD)
  6. An Approach to Software Development that Emphasizes Collaboration Between Developers and Operations (DevOps)
  7. Extreme Programming (XP) (XP)
  8. Structured Model of Dynamic Systems
  9. Construction Using the Scrum Method
  10. Development Focused on Features (FDD)

Pros and Cons of the Most Popular Software Development Approaches

Agile Software Development Process

Agile software development is gaining significant traction within the tech industry, due to its alternative approach to traditional, sequential methods. The aim of this methodology is to enable developers to work more efficiently, without the need for rigid regulations.

Agile methods break down projects into manageable segments, each of which takes between one and four weeks to complete. The developers are highly communicative, actively seeking user feedback and making adjustments as necessary.


  • Fewer mistakes on the whole because of consistent comments.
  • Cooperation and coordination among team members
  • Adapts to new circumstances without extending the duration of the project.
  • Quality of the Product as a Whole Has Increased


  • There should be less of a focus on paperwork.

The Waterfall Approach to Software Development

The Waterfall development process has been around for decades and is still used in modern software development today. This approach is straightforward since it divides the work into distinct stages, following a logical progression, similar to that of a waterfall. Each stage of the project’s lifecycle is clearly defined and managed.

Waterfall is a popular choice among novice developers and teams with limited design experience, owing to its straightforward nature. As the name suggests, Waterfall follows a sequential development process, meaning that each step must be completed in turn before moving on to the next. Once a stage is complete, it cannot be revisited.


  • Simple to comprehend because of its linear nature.
  • There is less room for misunderstanding since each step has been clearly described.


  • Final testing of the project is done only when it is complete.
  • Due to its limited adaptability, this approach is unsuitable for complicated endeavours.

Formative Sample

By employing the Prototype methodology, developers can create mockups of software instead of starting from scratch. This prototype can be used to gain feedback from the client, which can then be used to improve the overall quality of the product.

Customers provide ongoing feedback, resulting in multiple iterations of the prototype before the final version is accepted by the client. The Prototype model is popular as it enables the product concept to be evaluated and tested prior to the actual development stage.


  • Intended for use in pre-development quality assurance
  • Allows teams to observe that the consumer is delighted with the product concept before the real development begins
  • Promotes in-depth explanations


  • In certain circumstances, a project’s timetable is harmed by the need to create and test several prototypes.

Streamlined Growth

Lean software development utilizes the principles of Toyota’s lean manufacturing processes to reduce unnecessary activities and optimize productivity. By following such guidelines, software engineers can save time that would otherwise be spent on mundane tasks and use it to focus on the development of the product.

The developers can use the Lean approach, modelled after Toyota’s, to gain access to all the relevant information and data before making any decisions. This approach promotes open communication between team members in order to identify and remove any inefficiencies.


  • Saves time and resources by doing away with unnecessary actions and paperwork
  • The principles of lean development reduce the expense of new features.
  • Effective development reduces development time and hence, overall project duration.


  • Challenging for novice programmers

Accelerated Program Creation (RAD)

The Rapid Application Development (RAD) approach, first introduced in 1991, prioritizes speedy project development without sacrificing quality.

The RAD framework comprises four key stages: gathering project requirements, developing a prototype, testing the prototype, and implementing the requirements. As with the Prototype approach, RAD puts a focus on understanding the client’s needs before commencing development.


  • Prototypes are a great way to get consumer input and make sure your final product is exactly what they were hoping for.
  • Additionally, the hazards are reduced by consistent input.
  • Cuts down on development time


  • Needs the help of skilled programmers

An Approach to Software Development that Emphasizes Collaboration Between Developers and Operations (DevOps)

The DevOps development approach involves the implementation of bespoke processes to promote collaboration between teams responsible for different stages of the software development life cycle, such as development, quality assurance and operations.


  • Reduces product launch time
  • Reduces the number of unsuccessful product launches
  • Extremely dependable
  • Boosts product quality and customer happiness.


  • Before a project can go live in some sectors, it must undergo extensive testing.
  • When departments don’t share a common environment, problems might creep into production.

XP Stands for “extreme Programming” (XP)

Extreme Programming (XP) is an approach to software development that is based on Agile methods and emphasizes writing bug-free code.

Releases may be made quickly and often using XP because of its emphasis on simple development, clear communication, and reliable feedback.


  • Speeds up new product launches
  • Accurate and efficient discourse
  • Suggestions from the client
  • Flexible


  • Calls for intensive participation from the target audience

Structured Model of Dynamic Systems

When it comes to ensuring timely delivery and customer satisfaction, the Dynamic Systems Model can be compared to the Rapid Application Development (RAD) approach. The four iterative design processes are Business and Feasibility Analysis, Functional Model, Design and Build, and Implementation.

The likelihood of the client being dissatisfied with the end result is reduced by taking their opinions into account throughout the whole process. Furthermore, thorough documentation is also a key component of this development approach.


  • An iterative process guarantees that the project will function as intended.
  • Helps developers better manage their time and resources
  • Collaboration between programmers and end-users that really works


  • IT training may be costly for both developers and end-users.
  • Inappropriate for less ambitious groups

Construction Using the Scrum Method

Scrum is an adaptable development framework which utilizes an Agile methodology. The product owner, scrum master, and development team all play a vital role in its successful implementation.

To ensure that the customer’s requirements are met, it is the responsibility of the Product Owner to collect feedback from the client. It is the responsibility of the Scrum Master to ensure that all members of the team understand and adhere to the Scrum methodology.


  • Cost-effective
  • Accurate and efficient discourse
  • Short iterations facilitate rapid problem-solving
  • Regular inspections are ensured via daily meetings


  • Requires equal skill level from all team members
  • Adds more time to the development process

Development Focused on Features (FDD)

Feature-Driven Development (FDD) is an approach where all of the development requirements are divided into a list of features which are straightforward to implement. Each feature is planned, designed and developed independently by the development team, allowing for completion of each feature within a two-week timeframe, giving the developers further control over the project duration.

Similar to Agile, FDD aims to simplify the process to reduce the ambiguity that may cause unnecessary and expensive reworks.


  • Organizes difficult jobs into smaller, more manageable chunks
  • Allows for simultaneous work on a project by a number of persons without any misunderstandings arising


  • Not suited for use on modest tasks

Which Software Development Approach Is Right for You?

It might be difficult to know which approach to choose. Some businesses may find the following suggestions useful.

  1. It is important for teams to take into account the project’s needs before settling on a technique.
  2. The size of the project should be taken into account when determining which approach is most appropriate. Certain approaches are more suitable for larger projects, while others are better suited to more compact initiatives. Consequently, the scope of the project should be taken into consideration by the team when selecting a method.
  3. It is important to consider the timeline when selecting an approach for bringing a product to market, as some approaches may reduce the amount of time required. If the project has a set deadline, this should be taken into account when making a decision.

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