PostgreSQL vs. MySQL: Which Open Source Database Is Best for Your Company?

What is the difference between PostgreSQL and MySQL?

No matter the size, industry, or client base of an organisation, a strong and reliable data management infrastructure is essential for success. Having a structure in place for the collection, storage, and analysis of data is beneficial for organisations in any sector, as it allows them to make informed decisions based on the information they have on hand. Furthermore, the data needs of an organisation can vary significantly depending on their size, industry, and clientele, and having the right infrastructure in place to accommodate these needs is key.

A well-chosen Database Management System (DBMS) can provide you with increased control over the flow of your data, making it a crucial factor to consider when making decisions that affect various aspects of your business. By selecting the right DBMS, you can ensure that your data is managed effectively, allowing you to make more informed decisions that can have a positive impact on your operations.

In today’s highly competitive business climate, open-source database management systems (DBMS) offer a viable and cost-effective alternative to more traditional proprietary systems. By utilising open-source DBMS, organisations may be able to optimise storage and access to data, as well as alter data flow in order to meet their specific requirements.

This article provides a thorough PostgreSQL versus MySQL comparison to assist you in selecting the best DBMS for your firm.

  1. Applications for PostgreSQL vs. MySQL:

    PostgreSQL is an enterprise-level, open-source object-relational database management system (ORDBMS), renowned for its vast array of feature-rich tools. It is particularly well-suited for large enterprises that demand the highest level of performance and reliability. In contrast, MySQL is a relational database management system (RDBMS) specifically designed for basic operations.
    • If your business needs basic On-Line Analytical Processing (OLAP) or On-Line Transaction Processing (OLTP) capabilities, MySQL should be your go-to option. MySQL offers a straightforward, single-threaded solution for data storage. It is well-suited for tasks that are read-intensive in nature, as it supports ‘read-only memory’ access. However, it is important to note that MySQL may not be the best choice for large-scale concurrent read/write operations, as this could cause a slowdown in performance.
    • If your organisation requires the management and access of multiple databases simultaneously, PostgreSQL is an ideal choice. As an object-relational database management system (ORDBMS), PostgreSQL is well-suited for complex data management. It provides a strong foundation for carrying out complex Online Application Processing (OLAP) and Online Transaction Processing (OLTP) operations.
  2. Performance of PostgreSQL vs. MySQL:

    It is evident that PostgreSQL is more capable than MySQL when it comes to performance. Not only that, PostgreSQL offers superior performance when dealing with complex SQL queries. While such a capability comes with an increased level of efficiency, developers must ensure that the necessary setup work is done in order to take full advantage of PostgreSQL’s capabilities and ensure maximum performance.
    • If you are looking for a database management system (DBMS) with one thread per connection, then MySQL is a great option. It is particularly suitable for smaller-scale applications and projects that require a database for linear data processing. If you are in need of basic data flows for your business, then hiring MySQL engineers to build them for you is the best way to go.
    • If there is a risk of data being compromised due to the simultaneous processing of data, PostgreSQL is the preferred choice. PostgreSQL provides approximately 10MB of RAM to each new client, initiating a new operating system process for each connection. For larger-scale applications with higher data warehousing requirements, PostgreSQL is the ideal solution as it requires careful optimisation for read/write operations.
  3. Development using PostgreSQL vs. MySQL:

    A PostgreSQL system is more complicated to set up than a MySQL-based DBMS. Similarly, finding PostgreSQL-savvy engineers is difficult.
    MySQL, on the other hand, is more widely used and has a simpler learning curve. Because of its simplicity, MySQL has a bigger development community.
    • If you have the financial resources available to hire multiple professional database administrators, then PostgreSQL is the ideal choice. Utilising PostgreSQL and its capabilities can provide significant benefits when it comes to the processing of complex data structures and queries. Therefore, if such query processing is necessary, it is highly recommended to bring on board experienced PostgreSQL developers to ensure optimal performance.
    • If your project requires basic functionality, MySQL is an excellent choice. As it is both simple to use and highly popular, it is relatively straightforward to find developers with experience in working with it. If you wish to save financial and temporal resources when it comes to training and onboarding database management system designers, then hiring MySQL developers is the way to go.
  4. Syntax of PostgreSQL vs. MySQL:

    Both databases offer varying levels of support for different data types and programming languages. MySQL is limited in the range of data types it can support, whereas PostgreSQL boasts a far more comprehensive set of commands and functionalities.
    • MySQL, a relational database administration system, currently only supports basic JavaScript Object Notation (JSON). This system only supports common Structured Query Language (SQL) data types.
    • PostgreSQL is an object-relational database management system (DBMS) that supports a wide range of data formats, from standardised structures such as JSON and XML, to custom user-defined data types. Furthermore, the DBMS is capable of handling various data types, including Boolean values, IP addresses, arrays, and temporal data types like time, date, timestamps, and intervals. The system also has an additional ‘hstore’ data type for customised data storage and retrieval.

      The usage of a Universally Unique Identifier (UUID) data type within your processes can be advantageous. UUIDs are used to generate a unique identification number within a system, differentiating them from the traditional ‘serial’ data type. PostgreSQL is the only database that provides support for all of these data types, allowing for an increased level of flexibility.
      CASCADE, an open source relational database management system, is supported by PostgreSQL. Postgres offers users the capability to create partial indexes as well as non-blocking indexes. Additionally, Multi-Version Concurrency Control (MVCC) can be implemented without read-locks, an operation that is not supported by MySQL. PostgreSQL also provides the capability to perform simultaneous query operations on multiple CPUs or cores.
  5. Materialised points of view:

    Materialised views are an advantageous feature of PostgreSQL that allows organisations to gain access to generated data without having to store it on their servers first. By providing the ability to physically store a query answer in a virtual table, PostgreSQL enables organisations to view and update the data on a regular basis, providing a convenient form of data access. This functionality, unfortunately, is not available in MySQL. As such, PostgreSQL presents an advantageous solution for organisations to gain access to data before it is stored on their servers.

Which database is quicker, PostgreSQL or MySQL?

When database managers must deal with: PostgreSQL is a quicker DBMS.

  1. Various data types
  2. Massive data sets
  3. SQL queries that are complicated
  4. Concurrent read-write operations
  5. Multiple database access

When administrators must integrate, MySQL is a quicker DBMS:

  1. Operations that are read-only
  2. Code that is simple and has fewer lines
  3. A smaller development team
  4. Data flow that is linear

Which database is superior, PostgreSQL or MySQL?

Consider the MySQL vs PostgreSQL comparison carefully to choose the best solution for your company.

The selection of an open-source Database Management System (DBMS) for your organisation should be based on an assessment of your individual requirements. Factors such as the size and type of business, data transfer patterns, and the skillset of your software development team should all be taken into consideration when making this decision. Furthermore, the scope, complexity, and budget for the project, as well as the rate of data processing should also be taken into account. Ultimately, the DBMS you choose should be the one that best meets the needs of your organisation.

It is important to note that if any of these proposed solutions are implemented, it would require the recruitment of highly qualified software developers. PostgreSQL is an intricate platform with notable features and syntax, and thus, would require an exceptional development team. The task of the developers is to maintain a balance between the performance and data density of PostgreSQL.

In order to successfully execute MySQL projects, it is essential to form a team of experienced and qualified MySQL developers. As MySQL is a core database management system, having experienced developers is essential for the implementation of complex and intricate functions into MySQL databases. Therefore, it is imperative to ensure that any team members have the necessary knowledge and expertise to perform the required tasks.

The experienced team of recruiters at Works can help you identify and hire the most talented software engineers in the industry – those with a successful history of implementing complex database management systems. To find out more about our hiring services, please visit our Hire website.

Join the Top 1% of Remote Developers and Designers

Works connects the top 1% of remote developers and designers with the leading brands and startups around the world. We focus on sophisticated, challenging tier-one projects which require highly skilled talent and problem solvers.
seasoned project manager reviewing remote software engineer's progress on software development project, hired from Works blog.join_marketplace.your_wayexperienced remote UI / UX designer working remotely at home while working on UI / UX & product design projects on Works blog.join_marketplace.freelance_jobs