The introduction of mobile technology into the financial sector proved to be a revolutionary development. There was a gradual transition away from the typical centralised systems that operated within heavily regulated environments, towards providing customers with services through mobile devices. Undoubtedly, this shift necessitated a re-evaluation of traditional approaches.
The introduction of mobile banking applications has posed a significant challenge: how to ensure the security of customers’ financial information when their banks are available at the touch of a button. This is an increasingly pressing issue as mobile banking apps become more ubiquitous. To guarantee the safety of sensitive data throughout the various activities and vulnerable points of mobile banking, app developers must have a thorough understanding of the banking industry and the requirements of its customers.
In order to ensure that the system operates as effectively as possible towards its desired outcome, it is essential that engineers working on mobile applications have a comprehensive understanding of the legal framework that they are working within. This has enabled developers to have a greater appreciation of the complexities associated with creating a secure and private mobile banking app. This is illustrative of the progress that has been made in this area.
Learn the Basics of Mobile Banking
Software engineers embarking on the development of a mobile banking app must ensure they have a strong understanding of the fundamental principles. Security and privacy are of paramount importance in any mobile banking app, and there are many considerations to take into account beyond the actual programming of the application.
As the mobile landscape continues to evolve, it is becoming increasingly difficult to ensure a consistently high level of security. To address this, mobile app developers have responded by refining the techniques for risk and vulnerability categorisation, enabling them to effectively manage all relevant threats throughout each stage of the app development process. Depending on the type of attack being attempted, an area’s “attack surface” can be broken down into separate areas, as outlined above.
As a result of this line of reasoning, designers have singled out three key areas of vulnerability:
- Devices: Mobile devices provide multiple avenues of access, ranging from the browser, device, applications, and operating system. Consequently, they are a lucrative target for malicious activity, including phishing, brute-force attacks, spear-phishing, and dynamic runtime injection.
- Networks: Due to the reliance of mobile devices on wireless networks to fulfil their functions, these networks have become particularly attractive to hackers. While there are a variety of methods for mobile devices to connect, Wi-Fi remains the most vulnerable, due to weaknesses in encryption, man-in-the-middle attacks, and even Facebook SSL Certificates.
- Telecom’s Data Centers: The link between mobile devices and servers which process large amounts of data can make them vulnerable to malicious attacks. These attacks can take many forms, including poor input validation, server misconfigurations, data dumping, and SQL injections. As a result, web servers and databases are often targeted in such attacks.
The integration of all of the elements that make up mobile security creates a comprehensive picture. While the development team for the new banking application for your phone cannot possibly anticipate every eventuality, they must remain conscious of the security concerns that are associated with this type of software. These can include issues of a global nature, as well as user behaviour and the security of the device itself.
- Modified gadgets with root access. The process of removing certain restrictions from an operating system, commonly referred to as ‘jailbreaking’ or ‘rooting’, can give users increased control over their system; however this can also leave them vulnerable to attacks. By unlocking the restricted areas of the operating system, users can gain more power over the device, but this also exposes them to potential security risks.
- The capacity of the phone to store information. If you store your financial information on your phone, this should be a major cause for concern as any application that has access to your data could potentially use it for fraudulent activities. It is essential to take the necessary steps to ensure your data is secure.
- Use of anything other than Secure Sockets Layer. There is a clear risk posed to users who do not make use of Secure Socket Layer (SSL) encryption when accessing URLs. On the one hand, malicious hackers may be able to insert a fake login prompt into the traffic, thereby attempting to capture users’ credentials. On the other hand, the same attacker may be able to gain the necessary information to hijack a session if personal information, such as activation codes, is sent without the benefit of a security certificate. It is therefore highly recommended that users take advantage of SSL encryption when accessing URLs.
- Incompatible technology of the past. Threats against open Wi-Fi networks are significant.
It is evident from these four substantial shortcomings that mobile application developers must not only take into account any potential systemic deficiencies, but must also be aware of the constraints imposed by the mobile devices themselves, as well as the users operating them.
Mobile engineers are aware of the range of techniques that malicious actors use to exploit security weaknesses. As such, they pay careful consideration to the design of safety features in mobile banking applications. These measures are essential to ensure the security of users and their personal data.
- To protect against Man-in-the-Middle (MiTM) attacks: The transmission of critical data between the banking application and the bank is an essential element in the exchange of information when a user engages with the application. Unfortunately, this has also made the data a target for malicious cybercriminals who seek to exploit it in order to gain unauthorised access to user accounts.
- Threats to the infrastructure: Assaults that try to steal credentials, most often from servers (such as usernames, passwords, and other personal information).
- Software piracy: Hackers are known to employ reverse engineering techniques in order to gain access to sensitive information from users who install pirated versions of applications. In this process, they modify the original software code to create a malicious version of the software, which is then distributed to unsuspecting users. This practice poses a significant risk to user security and potentially exposes them to data theft.
- Dangerous Software for Mobile devices: It is evident that mobile malware is becoming increasingly prevalent, just as it is with desktop computers. The primary purpose of this malicious software is to target financial institution-related mobile applications. Consequently, it is important to exercise caution when downloading and installing applications on mobile devices to ensure that they are safe and secure.
- Clickjacking: A technique of attack known as social engineering involves deceiving users into engaging in an activity that appears safe, but which actually releases malicious code such as malware or gathers confidential data.
It is not only the apps themselves that are vulnerable, but also the underlying infrastructure and the careless behaviour of the end users. Consequently, it is essential that the security activities of the mobile development team are in perfect alignment with the wider organisation’s initiatives to significantly strengthen the security of the system as a whole.
What Mobile App Developers Do to Protect Financial Data
At the beginning stages of the Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC), it is essential that mobile development teams take into account the potential pitfalls and best practices for application security. By doing so, they will be able to create a more secure mobile banking software with minimal risk. While there are a number of different strategies available to developers, it is recommended that they adhere to best practices for application security. They may also decide to employ alternative techniques if deemed necessary.
- The development team’s security rules should be user-driven.
- The development of a mobile banking app requires a number of measures to reduce the inherent risks associated with the process, such as integrity checking, repackaging detection, regulatory compliance, data encryption, and vulnerability identification in the source code. Implementing these practices can help to minimise the potential for any issues arising and ensure a secure experience for users.
- Multi-factor authentication, either by SMS or (preferred) biometric data, is a must for every mobile banking app.
- It must also have secure password security that prevents the user from saving passwords.
- It’s necessary to include an automatic logout feature after a certain length of inactivity. The duration may be up to 1 minute, but no longer.
- Digital signatures and updated transfer methods should be used in the app.
- SSL verification and end-to-end encryption are two features that should never be left out of a project’s development.
- The software development life cycle (SDLC) is incomplete without thorough testing and quality assurance.
It is essential for the development team to consider the rules surrounding data storage and handling with great care. Depending on the region in which the app is being used, there may be a wide variety of regulations that must be adhered to. It is paramount that good developers ensure that all regulations are properly followed and adhered to, as this will not only help to avoid penalties, but also ensure that the security measures in place are sufficient to reduce the potential risks associated with mobile development.
This serves to illustrate that the development of a mobile banking app is a complex and demanding task. It is true to say that not all mobile app development teams possess the necessary expertise to undertake such a project. To resolve this intricate problem, it is essential to enlist the services of a skilled team of engineers who have previously worked on comparable projects and have a thorough knowledge of the industry.
In order to successfully develop a secure banking application, any business looking to establish its own banking app must thoroughly investigate the industry and select a reputable mobile development firm that prioritises security, privacy, and compliance. It is essential to select an option that accounts for all of these considerations, as this will enable the app to grow and progress with the mobile banking industry. It is only by carefully considering all of this data that an app can be built that is truly secure, protecting both users and financial institutions alike.