As the world’s most prevalent version control system, Git has revolutionised the development process. By facilitating better team collaboration, it enables Works’ developers to accomplish more in less time. With its numerous advantages like improved speed, data accuracy, and support for distributed non-linear processes, Git also keeps a clear history of all code modifications made.
Essentially, Git brings order to the potential chaos in a developer’s world, simplifying project organisation and delivery.
If you’re a first-time Git user, prepare for an excellent experience with your Works’ team. Even if you’re still new to the system, implementing recommended practices can improve your collaboration with others and help you optimise Git’s capabilities. By following these tips and tricks, you and your team can maximise Git’s potential, resulting in a more enjoyable and productive experience.
To store your latest code modifications to the centralised storage system, you must initiate a commit. Any correction or alteration made to the code, no matter how small, can be regarded as a commit. Commits are instrumental in helping your teammates to comprehend the changes made to the codebase.
When using version control systems, a common error is to issue one commit that involves various modifications. This approach can deteriorate code quality checks. To avoid this pitfall, it’s advisable to split changes into smaller, single-use commits.
- Boosts code review speed and quality.
- Enables code rollback to a previous state.
- Tracking ticket updates.
- Introduces a more user-friendly interface to Git log.
Create Valuable Commit Messages
Adding notes to commits can be an effective tool. Clear and informative messages accompanying commits will facilitate a better understanding of the modifications made by your team members. However, vague or incomprehensible statements should be avoided to ensure the usefulness of the commits.
Writing accurate commit messages is crucial to provide a clear explanation of any changes made. While being concise, the message should contain enough information to ensure everyone comprehends what has been achieved.
Adhering to agreed commitments is crucial. The team should prioritise creating a system that simplifies documenting changes made in each commit and provides a clear overview of these changes.
Be Focused and Stay Focused.
Making regular commits from the beginning is crucial to ensure that each commit is focused on a singular purpose. Infrequent committing can lead to codebase changes that can impact other parts of the system, leading to more effort required to rectify for the team. Hence, it’s essential to maintain the habit of regular committing.
Eliminate Duplicate Commits
When using a Git repository, it’s important to consider the number of commits as a large number can make it challenging to search. To avoid such issues, consider using the Git rebase command to consolidate commits instead of keeping them as individual ones. This will provide an opportunity to review recent commits and take necessary actions.
The aim is to create and maintain a repository that is both organised and informative.
Avoid Altering the Past
It’s crucial to avoid making changes to a commit after submitting it. This can adversely affect the reliable version control process. Even though squashing changes using Git rebase may seem tempting, it should only be done on branches not intended for further use.
Retaining the complete history of the working branch is crucial, even in case of committing a mistake. To rectify the issue, it should be corrected, and a new commit should be created to notify others that the problem is resolved.
Tags can help capture the branch’s state and the associated change set at a specific time. Tagging can be beneficial for marking significant milestones in a project, like releases (e.g. v1.0, v1.2, v2.0). It provides a more straightforward and efficient process.
Git provides two types of tags: lightweight and annotated. Lightweight tags work similarly to a fixed branch, while annotated tags are distinct entities according to Git. Annotated tags can be signed and verified using GNU Privacy Guard (GPG) and contain a checksum, the tagger’s name, email address, date, tagging message, and tag.
The annotated tag is the most frequently used one.
As a programmer, it is critical to use Git as the main source control tool. To ensure a smooth and efficient transition, it’s necessary to establish and follow best practices while adopting Git.