Front-end frameworks provide developers with a robust tool to create user interfaces and web applications that are visually stunning and durable in a short time. These frameworks provide predesigned codes and interface blocks that can be effortlessly integrated into any project, allowing developers to focus on the functionality and design of their product. Moreover, there are various built-in features and drag-and-drop elements available in many frameworks that make it easier to create a polished product quickly. By implementing a front-end framework, developers can guarantee that their projects will have appealing designs and consistent performance.
Below is a compilation of the top 15 front-end frameworks to keep an eye on in 2022:
React operates using a virtual Document Object Model (DOM) and an advanced view controller architecture that divides the data access and presentation layers. This design provides users with a superior experience and greater developer support.
React is an optimal selection for single-page applications as it has the ability to manage high levels of traffic with ease, provide consistent code, facilitate swift updates and supply reusable components.
Polymer JSPolymer.js is a widely-used front-end framework that expedites the creation of extensive applications. It offers two-way data binding capabilities as well as support for one-way data binding, making it an invaluable tool for developers.
Polymer.js is a library that enables developers to quickly generate custom elements based on web standards API. It also provides polyfills for web component specifications that allow developers to create reusable and extensible widgets and elements, ultimately streamlining the development process.
Polymer.js facilitates the creation of hybrid mobile applications that leverage Google Material Design, allowing developers to save significant amounts of time in building mobile applications.
Vue.jsVue.js is a superb front-end framework that offers a multitude of benefits, such as real-time updates, a Virtual DOM, two-way binding, component-based architecture, high-speed performance, and data tracking. This comprehensive set of features makes Vue.js an excellent option for developers in search of an efficient and powerful platform to construct their applications.
jQueryjQuery is a highly-desired front-end framework, frequently employed by renowned companies such as Microsoft, Twitter, and Uber. This potent tool is cost-free and open source, and is compatible with most web browsers. Further, the Document Object Model (DOM) of jQuery is highly adaptable, enabling easy integration and removal of components, making it an ideal platform for dynamic web application development.
JQuery is widely acknowledged as one of the top front-end frameworks for web applications, following the concept of “write less, do more”. It offers a range of methods that can be added in a single line of code, allowing developers to achieve results that typically require multiple codes. JQuery significantly simplifies tasks such as HTML document navigation, AJAX calls, animation, and event handling.
Backbone.jsBackbone.js is a distinctive front-end framework that adheres to the Model-View-Controller/Model-View-Presenter (MVC/MVP) model. This framework streamlines the process of DOM manipulation by transforming it into views, and data into models that are connected via events. It also enables the simple transfer of model changes to views, simplifying data creation, deletion, validation, and server data saving.
Backbone.js is an efficient front-end technology that empowers developers to create more dynamic applications with fewer lines of code, making it an attractive choice for many companies such as Reddit, Tumblr, Pinterest, and Trello. By utilising Backbone.js, these companies can save time and cost while producing high-quality, pioneering applications.
Semantic UISemantic UI is a relatively new addition to the range of front-end frameworks available for developers, offering a distinct approach to learning languages by emphasising the usage of interchangeable classes and words. This approach makes it more intuitive and user-friendly to create projects, allowing developers to communicate in a more human-like manner. Through this, Semantic UI can maximise the efficiency, precision, and effectiveness of development projects.
Svelte is a great pick for small applications and projects as it is scalable, reactive, offers code simplicity, and enables SEO optimisation. Svelte’s efficiency and practicality have been recognised by companies like GoDaddy, Rakuten, and Razorpay, proving its efficacy.
FoundationFoundation is rapidly becoming one of the most coveted front-end frameworks available, providing a design-it-yourself approach, an immensely strong grid system, swift code development, and numerous customisation options. Its features make it an optimal choice for individuals looking to create visually stunning websites.
The highly developed user interface and small memory footprint of the Foundation framework make it a great selection for developers aiming for compatibility across a wide range of browsers and handheld devices. Well-known companies such as WeWork, Docker, and Accenture have leveraged the Foundation framework for their projects.
BootstrapBootstrap was created by two former Twitter employees with the aim of maintaining consistency and keeping all website components together. Bootstrap offers an extensive range of features, including various themes, a robust grid system, uncomplicated form creation, and a supportive community. These features have been highly appreciated by several prominent organisations, such as Walmart, Vogue, Newsweek, and the NBA, all of whom have chosen Bootstrap over other front-end frameworks.
PreactPreact is a well-liked front-end framework used for developing websites and mobile applications. It provides several benefits over other frameworks, including a faster Virtual DOM library, enhanced code execution speed, and superior performance, making Preact considerably lighter than other front-end technologies like React and Angular.
Meteor offers a complete suite of tools for developers to create applications for various platforms, including iOS, Android, and the web. These tools comprise pre-built smart packages, real-time web development, the same application programming interfaces (APIs) for client and server, and latency handling. Therefore, Meteor is an optimal platform for cross-platform development.
Mithril JSMithril is an extremely lightweight library that operates without the need for additional installations of any other libraries. Its functionalities comprise superior XHR and routing capabilities, virtual DOM, and high-level modelling via functional composition. This makes it a potent tool in creating forms and service requests while reducing the need for large internet downloads.
Alpine.jsAlpine.js is a progressively popular front-end framework that is small and lightweight, making it an ideal choice for developers who want to concentrate solely on development without involving extensive configuration. This framework introduces six properties, two methods, and fifteen attributes, providing for an uncomplicated development experience.
Ruby on RailsRuby on Rails utilises a standardised Model-View-Controller (MVC) architecture that provides structure for webpages, databases, and services. In contrast to other front-end development frameworks, this structure necessitates adhering to traditional programming conventions and storing files in a standardised manner.
This framework is furnished with multiple features that make it faster and more secure than other front-end technologies. These features comprise built-in testing, easy code structuring, effective data migration, and metaprogramming. The framework’s combination of features makes it a potent and dependable tool for developing web applications.
Worth mentioning: Angular
Angular is another esteemed framework that features on this list.
Angular offers developers an accessible, expressive, and comprehensible environment for front-end development, making it an optimal choice for developing ambitious and complex enterprise-level applications. With an intuitive navigation and user-friendly interface, Angular provides easy access to the necessary components and functionalities for developing large-scale applications.
Angular presents a two-way data binding feature, ensuring that the view and the model stay in sync. Thus, any alterations made to the model will be immediately reflected in the corresponding view, and changes made in the view will be mirrored in the model too.
Angular’s high dependency injection feature helps define code dependencies easily as external components, leading to easier testing, reuse, and control. This feature has prompted companies like LEGO, Forbes, and BMW to select Angular as their preferred front-end framework for their projects.
Therefore, which front-end framework mentioned above should you opt for?
Front-end frameworks are essential components in the development process for creating websites and mobile applications. The selected framework reflects the end product; hence, software developers must take various aspects into account while deciding on a framework. The timeframe, resources, and features of the frameworks are crucial elements that require careful consideration to ensure successful completion of the project.
Although front-end frameworks are widespread, fierce competition makes it challenging for front-end developers to secure desired job roles.