These Are the 11 Best Programming Languages for Building Websites

With the vast array of programming languages in existence, it can be challenging to find ones that cater to web development. Nevertheless, those that are suited to this task play a vital role in supplying the necessary technical foundation for both private and public entities worldwide to establish and sustain their online footprint.

To ensure optimal results when building websites, it is advisable to give careful consideration to the following eleven languages. Below is a comprehensive list of these languages, as well as an explanation of their importance and relevance to this field.

  1. The Python Programming Language

    Python is the language behind several of the most prominent websites in the world, including Facebook, Dropbox, and Netflix. Its wide and committed fanbase can be attributed to its user-friendly interface, scalability, uncomplicated syntax, extensive range of libraries and frameworks, and the assistance it provides developers through its supportive community and their helpful tools and resources.
  2. Java

    Java is a favoured programming language that has been accessible to the public since 1996. It is a high-level language, offering ease of use, and is open-source, enabling the code to be freely accessible for anyone to utilise. The language is object-oriented, focusing on objects, as opposed to functions, and can be utilised with a diverse spectrum of applications. Java has a large user base and an extensive community of developers who furnish various tools and tutorials to aid programmers working with Java.

    Java is notable for creating intricate and comprehensive enterprise-level applications thanks to its Java Virtual Machine (JVM) component. This very component enables Java to be exceptionally portable, allowing it to be employed across a vast spectrum of computers and mobile devices.
  3. JavaScript

    JavaScript is the most in-demand programming language, based on the findings of the Stack Overflow Developer Survey of 2023. This scripting language is sought-after by front-end web developers, as it empowers them to create vibrant and interactive websites. Alongside HTML and CSS, JavaScript is one of the most ubiquitous web languages integral to modern website development.

    The vast JavaScript community has created a plethora of libraries, frameworks, and other resources that streamline and expedite website creation.
  4. C++

    Since first being released in 1985, C++ has remained a relevant and enduring programming language, growing increasingly popular over time, with an anticipated 35-year span in 2023. With major organisations such as Google and Facebook actively adopting and utilising it, C++ is highly regarded as one of the most commonly used languages for web development.

    As an object-oriented language, C++ is both accessible and resource-rich. One of its primary advantages is its speed.
  5. C

    The programming language C, which dates back to the 1970s, preceded C++ and served as inspiration for other programming languages such as C#. Despite being one of the oldest programming languages, C remains widely used today.

    Despite being overshadowed by contemporary programming languages like Java, C continues to be a popular choice for web development due to its role as the foundation for many other languages. It is a user-friendly language that is relatively simple to learn and can be employed in various contexts. C is renowned for its speed and efficiency, which makes it one of the most frequently used programming languages today.
  6. PHP

    PHP, which was originally known as ‘Personal Home Page,’ first surfaced in 1995. As a server-side scripting language, PHP is tailored to web application development.

    PHP is a popular open-source programming language, with noteworthy websites such as Facebook, Wikipedia, Yahoo, WordPress, and MailChimp utilising it. It is compatible with several platforms and offers free frameworks and libraries. Additionally, it enjoys a large user base and is renowned for its user-friendliness, scalability, effectiveness, and security.
  7. Go

    Go, otherwise called Golang, has been in existence since 2009, although it was not introduced officially until 2007. One of its primary advantages is its exceptional speed of operation. Go was devised by Google engineers and is now employed by numerous high-profile organisations, such as Uber, Dropbox, and Dailymotion, among many others.

    Go’s fundamental nature makes it simple to learn and facilitates efficient coding, rendering it highly user-friendly. It has earned a reputation for its reliability and is an invaluable asset for web development purposes, particularly in the creation of web servers.
  8. Kotlin

    In recent years, Kotlin, a programming language developed by JetBrains, has rapidly gained popularity in the software development industry, becoming the language of choice for Android app development, surpassing Java, the previous industry standard. Nonetheless, Kotlin is not limited to mobile applications; it is also a suitable alternative for constructing the backend for websites.

    Kotlin is a dynamic and versatile programming language that offers excellent scalability, extensive libraries, and frameworks. Additionally, it is compatible with numerous Java applications and frameworks, allowing experienced Java developers to find the transition to Kotlin both seamless and straightforward.
  9. Swift

    Apple’s Swift language, introduced in 2023, is quickly becoming a popular choice in the world of web development. It boasts speed, security, and simplicity. Swift has already demonstrated its potential as an option for full-stack web development, with the added benefits of scalability and interoperability. This makes Swift a strong contender for modern web developers. The popularity of Swift continues to rise, and it is easy to see why.
  10. Ruby


    For the past five years,
    Rust has been voted the “most liked language” in the Stack Overflow Developer Survey. Despite being less than a decade old, the language has quickly established itself as a popular choice amongst developers.

    As a compiled language, Rust is free from many of the errors and issues that affect other programming languages. Mozilla, the organisation behind Rust, is constantly releasing updates that contain bug fixes and additional features.

    There are numerous programming languages available for use when creating a website or web application, meaning you have a great variety of options to choose from. However, which language is the most suitable for your task? It is true that it depends on your requirements; each of the eleven languages mentioned provides its own set of benefits and features. The ultimate decision of which language to use should be based on your own abilities, the capabilities of your development team, and the desired result.

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