What Should You Choose Between MVC, Flux, and Redux?

Developers are tasked with not just creating functional applications, but also visually appealing ones. Hence, it is essential to implement suitable design patterns and architectures. Amongst the various patterns present, the Model-View-Controller (MVC) architecture is the most prevalent. However, with the appearance of more advanced frameworks like Flux and Redux, developers now have a wider array of options to choose from.

Developers can enhance the usability and scalability of their applications by leveraging design patterns like the Model-View-Controller (MVC), Flux, and Redux. These architectural patterns offer a structure that simplifies the management and progress tracking of applications.

A more detailed examination of the MVC, Flux, and Redux architectures is necessary:

Which of the three architectures is superior: MVC, Flux, or Redux?

The Model-View-Controller (MVC) design pattern is a well-established software architecture consisting of three fundamental elements: the model, the view, and the controller. Each of these components has a distinct role to play in the functioning of the application. The model manages and manipulates data within the database, handling tasks such as insertion and retrieval of data. The view provides the user interface, displaying the data in a visually pleasing manner in accordance with certain specifications. Lastly, the controller establishes the link between the model and the view, ensuring the accurate transfer of data between the components and presentation of information in a timely and accurate manner. It is crucial for maintaining the data integrity and optimizing the user experience.

Flux, developed by META, is an extensively used alternative to the conventional Model-View-Controller (MVC) design pattern. It includes four primary components: a View, an Action, a Dispatcher, and a Store. Users interact with the application through Actions that are sent to the Dispatcher. The Dispatcher routes the Action to the Store, which serves as a connector between the user interface and the data, defining the Action Handlers for both user interface and domain states while also updating the View layer of the application. The View then communicates with the Store, relaying updates as and when they occur.

Based on Flux but with additions, Redux is an architecture that replaces the Flux dispatcher with a reducer. The reducer accepts objects originating from the Redux action component and considers the current state and the action to generate a new state while also adding new data to the store. Subsequently, the store notifies the View of the update.

Which framework offers the most optimal data flow?

As multiple systems can modify the application’s state, the Model-View-Controller (MVC) design pattern necessitates data flow in various directions. Because the state of the application is distributed throughout the system, different controllers and views can handle various functions in MVC applications.

In contrast, Flux and Redux architectures follow a unidirectional data flow, which implies that data only travels in one direction. This design characteristic offers developers enhanced control and visibility over the data, streamlining tracking and maintenance processes.

Critical Thinking in Business

In software development, business logic refers to a set of regulations that govern the flow of information between the user interface and database. The controller, which is a crucial component of the Model-View-Controller (MVC) design pattern, oversees the organization and execution of the business logic.

In Flux, stores are in charge of managing business logic using the data provided by the actions. Likewise, the Redux design pattern involves receiving data from the action component and delegating the responsibility of business logic management to the reducer.


Unlike Flux, the Model-View-Controller (MVC) architecture lacks the notion of stores, where every object within the application is modelled separately. In contrast, Flux applications generally have several stores, whereas Redux restricts to only one store per application.

Flux offers the ability to generate several stores to handle various elements of the application. If you need to modify the application, make sure to approach the dispatcher and request the previous state as a return value.

With only one store that can contain data for multiple components, the Redux design empowers developers to create a single reducer to efficiently and effectively manage all data in one location.


Due to the bidirectional data flow, debugging MVC applications can be challenging, as developers need to debug both the view and the model independently.

Thanks to the dispatcher functionality, Flux significantly streamlines debugging processes by removing the need for cascade updates. This predictable state simplifies the process of rapidly and efficiently identifying the underlying issue with minimal effort.

Debugging Redux applications is a simple and efficient task that is facilitated by the repository of all components in one central location and the single object tree that reflects all previous modifications with precision.


The Model-View-Controller (MVC) architecture has gained widespread popularity due to its ease of use in developing both client-side and server-side applications. This architecture supports a range of front-end frameworks, such as AngularJS and Backbone JS, as well as back-end frameworks including Django, Ruby on Rails, and many others. By utilizing the MVC architecture, developers can rapidly and easily construct robust, powerful, and effective applications.

Flux and Redux are powerful architectures that simplify the management of client-side application states, allowing developers to address issues quickly. In addition to providing code organization templates, Redux offers unique functions such as data consistency and the ability to share data between components, making it a highly effective tool for constructing sophisticated, reliable, and powerful web applications.


Design patterns and architectures are crucial components for ensuring the success and usability of an application. Prior to choosing between Flux, Redux, and MVC architectures, developers must carefully weigh the pros and cons of each design pattern. Additionally, they need to assess whether the architecture they choose can support the technologies and ideas they intend to implement.

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